pdna-22dec2015

The National Economic and Development Authority Regional Office (NRO) XII conducted a training course on Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) with Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (CBDRRM) on December 22-23, 2015 in Koronadal City. One of the highlights of the training was the Field Assessment/Validation and Focused Group Discussion (FGD) for both the flood-prone and landslide-prone areas in Koronadal City. The FGD for flood-prone areas was held at the Barangay Hall of Barangay Zone III and the FGD for a landslide-prone area was held in Barangay San Isidro. After the FGD, NRO XII donated emergency medical response supplies and equipment (first-aid kits and spine boards) to the two barangays.

During the FGD at Barangay Zone III, the training participants gathered that the barangay was hit by flood on October 7, 2015. Seven-foot deep flood waters inundated Puroks St. Gabriel, Pantua, MaraƱon, Parish Center, and Masagana. Although there were no reported casualties and damages to infrastructure, 400 families were severely affected by the calamity. They were immediately advised by Barangay Captain Bernardo B. Hinay to seek shelter in the designated barangay evactuation center. According to Punong Barangay Hinay, an hour after a heavy downpour, he immediately calls for the emergency evacuation of his constituents. With an operational single-sided band ultra-high frequency (SSB-UHF) radio, he monitors the upstream of Bulok Creek, which has already caused several flooding incidents in the past, and immediately relays the information to the Barangay Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (BDRRMC) for appropriate action. The BDRRMC is composed of the Barangay Captain as Chairperson, and the Barangay Tanods and youth volunteers as members.

The barangay has formulated its contingency plans per disaster, which include an evacuation plan and early warning system, to combat the threats of impending disasters. It has conducted post-disaster assessment to inventory the damage caused by any disaster. It has executed a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with Bambi Store, one of the large grocery stores in the barangay and owned by the Po Family, to provide relief goods during disasters. The City Government of Koronadal also provides immediate relief assistance during disasters, and at the same time regularly conducts capability-building for the constituents, especially on disaster preparedness, disaster risk reduction and emergency medical response.

Aside from being knowledgeable on disaster preparedness, response and mitigation, Barangay Zone III is a consistent recipient of several awards from both local and national award giving bodies.

Ms. Lalaine M. Sajelan of NRO XII led the FGD at Barangay San Isidro where they were able to gather substantial information as to the events that led to the landslide. The FGD at Barangay San Isidro revealed that a landslide in 2010 at Purok Upper Acub was the first disaster to have occured in the barangay. Barangay Captain Renante H. Bacongco said that the residents were not prepared when the disaster occurred because they did not expect it. According to some barangay personnel, the landslide, which occurred late in the afternoon, was due to torrential rains. Large rocks in the upper portion of the hills of purok Upper Acub were eroded due to the sudden build-up of water. Five (5) fatalities were recorded, while other residents suffered moderate to severe injuries. Losses recorded were due to livestock deaths, while major damages were the destruction of houses and barangay roads.

A total of 82 families were affected by the incident. The group also noted that every time heavy rains occur, around 60 hectares of agricultural land covering five puroks of the barangay become flooded causing damage to crops. According to the barangay personnel, landslides due to flooding is mainly caused by the absence of canals or drainage system. Another contributing factor to the landslide as revealed in the discussion was the persistence of kaingin in the area for charcoal production. Efforts have been made by the barangay to address these flood contributors but poor enforcement has impeded their actions. Barangay officials said that the construction of lined canals along the provincial roads of the barangay would greatly decrease the volume of flood waters which can cause landslides.